Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC) – revolution in the world of finance


Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC) – The Future of Finance

Currently, many central banks worldwide are focusing on projects related to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC). These are digital tokens backed and issued by monetary regulators, representing an evolution of traditional payment methods.

Development of CBDC Worldwide

According to economists at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), four monetary authorities – Nigeria, the Bahamas, the Eastern Caribbean, and Jamaica – have already introduced CBDCs, with 37 other jurisdictions conducting pilots in this field. Some major central banks, such as the Bank of England and the European Central Bank (ECB), are analyzing the potential for issuing digital currencies, while the Federal Reserve is still examining the benefits and risks associated with them.

CBDC and China

China presents an interesting case as it has already conducted trials of its e-CNY and reached an agreement with the Monetary Authority of Singapore to enable tourists from both countries to use e-CNY. However, the share of digital yuan in China’s money supply remains small.

International Collaboration

In the context of CBDC, many countries are collaborating. For example, Hong Kong and Thailand are jointly developing Inthanon-LionRock, while France and Tunisia have joined forces in the experimental project Prosperus focusing on instant transfers.

Benefits and Challenges of CBDC

Central Bank Digital Currencies have the potential to increase the efficiency of financial transactions and provide competition for cryptocurrencies. There is a belief that CBDCs can alleviate issues with access to traditional banking, especially in developing countries where mobile internet is widely available.

It is clear that Central Bank Digital Currencies mark a significant step towards the future of finance, opening up new possibilities for market participants. Their development will be closely observed with increasing interest by both financial institutions and users themselves. Therefore, we eagerly await further innovations in this field.